Though the term "ethnobotany" was not coined until 1895 by the US botanist John William Harshberger, the history of the field begins long before that.
In Pythagoreanism which originated in 500 BC refused to eat beans because of the human relationship to it through matter. In A.D. 77, the Greek surgeon Dioscorides published "De Materia Medica", which was a catalog of about 600 plants in the Mediterranean. It also included information on how the Greeks used the plants, especially for medicinal purposes.
This illustrated herbal publication contained information on how and when each plant was gathered, whether or not it was poisonous, its actual use, and whether or not it was edible (it even provided recipes). Dioscorides stressed the economic potential of plants. For generations, scholars learned from this herbal publication, but did not actually venture into the field until after the Middle Ages due to the Inquisition. [**]
Image: Plants have been widely used by American Indian healers, such as this Ojibwa man.
No, the next Nelson Mandela of the world is rotting in a jail cell tonight, just like Mandela nearly withered for 27 years on Robben Island. Or he is on someone’s terrorist watch list, or she is segregated and searched every time she travels through an international airport. Somewhere, government spies are reading the emails of the next Nelson Mandela. They are tracking his cell phone and listening to his calls, or monitoring her meetings with their undercover cops.
BE clear about your boundaries. If you got people in your life who are behaving badly it’s because they are there by ENERGETIC invitiation. They didn’t just pass by. I always say this to women when they say “All men are dogs”, then I say, “Why are all the dogs on your porch?” If it’s IN your life, it is there by ENERGETIC invitation. Some THOUGHT, some BELIEF, some LEARNING, some PERCEPTION, some UNDERSTANDING, some WOUND, some TRAUMA, some HURT is calling the ugliness and the cooties into your life. Who got cooties? Cooties are simply a buildup of toxic energy. I had cooties. Mmhmm, I ain’t ashamed. I recognize cooties from a mile away because I am CLEAR. Some of us see cooties and invite them over for dinner. Cooties can have two legs, four legs. Cooties can be a thought. Cooties can be a word. BUT it’s a buildup of toxic energy.
We delight in the beauty of the butterfly, but rarely admit the changes it has gone through to achieve that beauty.
———————-NO! NO! NO!——————
i like this but i don’t fully understand it…
you don’t understand how sad this is. each adult is a cross, and each child has been crucified by said cross.
- the priest (i assume he’s a priest, correct me if i’m wrong) killed the little boy in one way or another, probably rape, which is common among corrupted clergy men.
- the tourist comes to an overcrowded, poverty stricken country, taking up any and all resources that could have gone to the little native girl
- the soldier comes to fight for his country, but ends up killing the innocent girl, probably in her village.
- the little boy dies under the doctor’s knife
- the man kills the little girl in a school shooting (represented with the uniform)
- the “fat” kid is killed by obesity caused by a fast food epidemic in america, most commonly mcdonald’s, shown by ronald mcdonald himself.
this is /haunting/ to look at. children can die at anyone’s hand. even the “heros”
The tourist is not just taking material things from the little girl…these wealthy tourist are engaging in sex with minors in poor countries. These children are as young as 4 and 5. This is often encouraged by poor families. I watched a documentary on this in the Philippines and it was heart breaking to see a five year old ask a nasty rich white doctor “can I suck your dick” and attempt to unzip his pants, while quoting it would cost “five dollars”The doctor isn’t just killing the kid, he is harvesting and placing his organs in the cooler for the black market trade, which is becoming popular along with human trafficking The terrorist is considered the soldier. He is depicted as the one killing the innocent children even though westernized countries are told he is a hero. Everyone labeled a terrorist is not a terrorist. People dressed like the child are not terrorist simply for what they wear or believe. The real terrorist is the soldier and those he takes orders from…all in the name of exploiting a countries resources. The soldier seeks to kill a boogeyman and instead kills a child The commentary is disturbing and undermines the message the art is attempting to send… -Trelleoftears.—
Listening to the inner voice
Perhaps the most controversial book ever written in the field of psychology, was Julian Janes’ mid-seventies classic, “The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind.” In it, Jaynes reaches the stunning conclusion that the seemingly all-pervasive and demanding gods of the ancients, were not just whimsical personifications of inanimate objects like the sun or moon, nor anthropomorphizations of the various beasts, real and mythical, but rather the culturally-barren inner voices of bilaterally-symmetric brains not yet fully connected, nor conscious, in the way we are today.
In his view, all people of the day would have “heard voices”, similar to the schizophrenic. They would have been experienced as a hallucinations of sorts, coming from outside themselves as the unignorable voices of gods, rather than as commands originating from the other side of the brain. After a long hiatus, the study the inner voice, and the larger mental baggage that comes along with having one, has returned to the fore. Vaughan Bell, a researcher from King’s College in London, recently published an insightful call to arms inPlOS Biology for psychologists and neurobiologists to create a new understanding of these phenomena.